Yamaha rhino 660 parts diagram

Wiring a sourced 96v battery for a QS205 5000w Bike Build

2023.06.04 19:09 turducken404 Wiring a sourced 96v battery for a QS205 5000w Bike Build

Hey all. I've been thinking about building one of these bombeenduro type bikes where I can source the parts on Aliexpress. I don't really like buying expensive prebuilt batteries though, so I usually build something from parts sourced at batteryhookup. I noticed they have an auction for a pallet (40) of these Panasonic 48v backup modules that look like I wouldn't even have to disassemble. What I am thinking of doing though, is running them in serial pairs sandwiched (26s) at 96v and then chaining 3 (more or less) in parallel. If you follow the link and look at the wiring diagram, it seems like it would be easy to add a BMS to a single sandwiched pair (26s4p) with the connections and binding posts.
I have a few questions though. If I were to run a variable number of sandwiched 96v pairs in parallel (26s12p for example), is there a simple way that you can think of where I can set up the BMS so balance cables and the load out are on the first pair of batteries (master), and I utilize the binding posts to daisy chain as many (slave) pairs as I see fit? I'm sure I could wrap my brain around it better if I spent half the day scribbling it out, but I figured I would ask here first as I may get an immediate NO and go about my day. It's a steal at the price, but most of their batteries there are between $75 and $100 a kWh, so if I had to just pull them apart and build something, I would probably go higher capacity cells.
Also, what are your thoughts on 96v systems? I'm assuming 26s is acceptable for a 96v nominal controller and motor, even though its actually around 110v fully charged, but maybe not. Maybe you are all running LiFePo4 for 96v or something, not sure. Anyhow, if you read this far, cheers!
submitted by turducken404 to eBikeBuilding [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 18:59 Quick_Permission1205 Instrumentation and Control Technician 4th Period exam

Hey guys, I recently graduated the Instrument Technologist program and completed the 3rd period technician exam. Im challenging the 4th period exam soon and I just wanted some advice on what to expect from people who have done it before.
What was the hardest part of the exam for you?
Were there any questions which required you to refer to a PLC program? (Like a ladder diagram etc)
Was it heavy on the Advanced process control mathematics or more so theory? Like multivariable, ratio control and FF control calculations?
Thanks for the help anything is appreciated!
submitted by Quick_Permission1205 to NAIT [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 18:11 Mista-Check How to find correct replacement bulb?

Good day!
I am looking for a new taillight bulb for my 2007 Yamaha FZ6N. I tried a Sylvania 1154 bulb which works until I trigger the brake light, then it gets brighter for about a second, then the brake light filament burns out.
My assumption is that the 1154 cannot handle the same wattage as the OEM bulb on that filament, and that is why it is burning out (if I am wrong on this, that would be good to know).
how can I go about finding a replacement bulb that will work? The OEM bulb shows up as part number 838847140100, but it looks like that part is defunct and the new number is 137-84714-61-XX.
Any help would be appreciated!
Edit: I forgot to mention I'm mainly looking for one I can pick up at a parts store if possible, as from what Ive seen the OEM bulbs are either out of stock, or have pretty bad shipping charges.
submitted by Mista-Check to Fixxit [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 17:09 Dewey40k Made a few Builds today but idk which to keep or delete or what i should change to upgrade them xS

Made a few Builds today but idk which to keep or delete or what i should change to upgrade them xS submitted by Dewey40k to Crossout [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 17:05 Prestigious-Role-650 How do I not get horny while studying the sexual reproduction diagram?

So as you guys know, when the human brain sees private parts of the opposite gender, it gets horny and the person immediately starts masturbating. However, tis us happening to me when I see both the vagina and penis diagrams in my textbook. I can’t study when I’m horny. Is there anyway to study and masturbate at the same time? Thank you.
submitted by Prestigious-Role-650 to ICSE [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:47 Past_Ad9817 Having a really hard time reading academic texts at a good pace (can't focus)

So I'm in the second semester of my PhD program (in Germany - it's a 3-year program but most do it in 4, on average). About 3 months ago I changed my project in a really major way (with my supervisor's approval obviously), which meant getting back to the drawing board when it came to my reading list.
In that time, I finished one 350+ page book (read most chapters in-depth with notes and highlights, but skipped some that weren't relevant) and I'm currently 25 pages into a 660+ page book. They're all very dense with theory because I'm researching a specific concept (I'm doing qualitative work in the social sciences/cultural studies). I have a small side gig (8 hours a week) and have some minor school related tasks here and there, but nothing that takes up my whole week beyond research because I have an external stipend that doesn't require me to work for the university and I don't pay tuition.
My main problem is that I don't think this is fast enough given the amounts of texts some of my peers go through per week - hell, some of my cohort also have already started trying to submit papers for publication or take some classes.
I need to be very "on it" with this reading because this is the analytical meat of my project, so I can't really skim. But I'm really struggling to get a good pace going. Ideally I'd like to read 100 or so pages per week (in-depth with notes), which is about 20 per day (which sounds doable in theory), but in reality that hasn't been happening.
I know that some of it has to do with my health problems (chronic fatigue, chronic depression, hormonal issues, ADHD etc.) - and I have a colleague with similar health problems who's lovely, and she's on her 6th year and built up a nice career for herself. But she also reads more than I do per week.
How do you deal with this? I love my topic, but this type of reading is probably the least... entertaining part of this project and I want to get through at least this monster of a book by early July, since that's when I'm presenting my updated project to my colleagues. I was really hoping to start writing my first chapter in August, too, but I need to have read more by then.
I was thinking that maybe establishing some kind of minimum-maximum daily page amount would work? I can usually get through about 5 pages before my brain turns to mush on a bad day, so maybe that could be a good starting point?
I feel really inadequate and wary because I'm so slow, even though my supervisor or colleagues don't seem to think I'm doing anything wrong on that front so far. Yet.
submitted by Past_Ad9817 to academia [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:36 throwaway_scholar3 Fig. 3a analysis

Fig. 3a analysis


Fig. 3a is the title of the hand-drawn insert included with vinyl copies of F♯ A♯ ∞. It is a mysterious and, to be honest, unhinged-looking document. I think most people stare at it for a bit and then bounce off of it. I’d like to offer my analysis as to what parts of it may mean.
A high-resolution scan of Fig. 3a


Let us begin with the diagram itself – the faulty schematics of the ruined machine. As its essence, it is a circumscribed triangle with an X/Y axis that has curious labels. The X axis has two sets of labels: a musical note and an emotion (the emotion is denoted by square brackets). The Y axis has only emotion labels.
Consider for a moment the space between the notes F# and A# on a keyboard. When examining a single octave, there’s not much between them, and G# is in the center. I think this interpretation is probably not one we’re meant to make, and I think the next three interpretations will explain why.
If we instead consider F# and A# across two octaves, we get something a bit more interesting: a range of notes large enough for some chords and/or melodies, and the note D right in the middle. Put a pin in that.

A 44-key keyboard, for reference
Considering this space between three octaves leads to yet a larger range of notes with the note G# in the middle once again. I still think this is a red herring, because of something we’ve been ignoring: the scale in the bottom right of the diagram.
This scale, when superimposed on the circle, approximately matches the distance between the edge of the circle and its center. The numbers on the scale (0, 3, 5, 12, 15, 18), also appear to be musical intervals. So what happens if, across four octaves, we count 18 semitones to the right from a low F# and 18 semitones to the left from a high A#? What we end up with are two ranges: F#2 to C4 and E4 to A#5. Directly between these two ranges is middle D, or D4, or 293.665 hertz.
Okay, that gives us a plausible explanation of the X axis. How about the Y axis? The lesser labeling on this axis gives us less to go on, but we are given one additional clue on the far left side of the page: two vertical ranges representing TAPE HISS and TAPE RUMBLE. These align with the HI and LO markings on the Y axis line, indicating that higher frequencies at the center of the X axis get closer to fear whereas low frequencies get closer to hope. Observe that no note information is present in tape hiss or tape rumble, indicating that perhaps the note doesn’t change on the Y axis, but rather the expression of that note? Perhaps fear is a D6 and hope is a D2?


Why is LO MID to the right and HI MID to the left? I would expect the opposite. This might imply that the X axis is flipped horizontally, but changing the range to be A#2 to F#5 results in the two ranges overlapping, which might not be correct.
What role do effects and different instrumentation play? Music is rarely made with nothing but pure sine tones. There’s near-infinite room for expression of any note. How does all of that map onto Fig. 3a?
What is the Babylonian Triangle of Captivity? Is it a good thing that its borders prevent pure regret and pure desire? Why are its corners labeled with all negative things? Is any point on the graph that touches the circumference bad? If so, what is the motivation for straying from the center?
The center of the graph is called the signal source. Is it truly just a middle D? What role do these blue sparks, black smoke, and white flames play? Are they an expression of synesthesia?
Why is the circumference of the graph referred to as a tape loop so long it will take three lifetimes to hear in its entirety…? Is it implied that the circumference rotates? Does that take the axes with it?


Ultimately, this post adds what is perhaps only a small amount of insight into Fig. 3a, but it's more than I've seen posted anywhere and I think it's a good place to launch further analysis and discussion from.
submitted by throwaway_scholar3 to gybe [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 16:08 4mless-deva Is this too good to be true?

Is this too good to be true?
Recently unemployed, and got an email for my first potential freelance gig. Unfortunately I have already been a scammed from a previous employment fraud (that I’m dealing with rn) involving a work from home position, I really just need some insight if this is how things are usually done. Is there a certified way to make sure the checks arent fraud? Does this seem real in your opinion? Again I’m new to this and I don’t want a repeat of what happened last time? How do you make sure you get paid for your work? etc
submitted by 4mless-deva to graphic_design [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 15:44 SwannSwanchez Dev Server Datamine -> Part 2 -> Part 2

Aircraft weapon changes :
Aircraft equipment changes :
Aircraft rocket and missile changes :
Naval weapon changes :
Torpedo changes :
Tech-tree changes :
BR changes :
Statcard changes :
New vehicles :
Economy changes :
Image and text changes :
Mission changes :
Current Dev version :
Current Dev-Stable version :
Current Live version :
submitted by SwannSwanchez to Warthunder [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 15:13 MarcvsPrimvs My first mod: ATH AD700x detachable cable.

My first mod: ATH AD700x detachable cable.
Few pics to help other. The hard part was close all back together 😅
submitted by MarcvsPrimvs to headphones [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 15:08 No_Principle_8660 Who /where will i need to go to to fix this bike? (posted description)

1979 YAMAHA XS1100 Special Running project bike Charging system working
Runs but not safe to ride yet Brakes are binding, - and carbs need rebuild. Needs lots of work and tlc! Project or parts bike
Clean CA title, see last pic 49k odometer
Been sitting 5 years Not registered
See last pic for title with vin and plate info
Engine runs, see video has accell coils, very strong spark. Definitely Needs carb rebuilding.
submitted by No_Principle_8660 to motorcycles [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 14:28 Angel466 [Bob the hobo] A Celestial Wars Spin-Off Part 0840

[Previous Chapter] [The Beginning] [Patreon+2]
Tucker Portsmith’s head pounded so hard he felt like a blood vessel was about to explode behind his eyes. All week he had been dividing his time between trying to find out why he and Helen were no longer permitted to see Alex and doing what was necessary to distance the company from Dyadron to listening to Helen rail about the failings of Pensacola, the US Navy and him as a father and a husband.
He knew he couldn’t contact anyone in the Pentagon for answers. Not after NCIS Director Scott Dyson contacted him via a video call to tell him to his face to stop asking questions that wouldn’t be answered at this time. No matter how hard he tried to word it differently, to get even a hint of what was going on, the director shut him down. Hard. And then, he ended the call with a warning not to interfere. In any way. That they would contact him when they were ready.
Helen, of course, insisted he call the director back and demand the answers she wanted. She hadn’t taken ‘No’ well, but as much as she huffed and puffed, she would not budge him when his actions reflected on his business life. There were times to draw a line for the family and fight for what was right. When the entire US Military was telling you to stand down or risk going to jail and losing everything … that was not one of them.
Last night had been the first real night’s sleep he’d had all week, for they’d severed the last tie with Dyadron and were now completely clear of that nightmare. He might’ve had a drink or ten in private celebration of their achievements and promised Phillipa a steak and lobster dinner once a week for the rest of her life for her part in it. Right after he shook her senseless for not taking better care of herself. She’d been riding his backside about not overdoing it for so long it never occurred to him to do it for her. A mistake he wouldn’t repeat going forward, to be sure.
And now, he had visitors at—he squinted at the glowing timepiece on his side table—WTF o’clock in the morning! The pounding the door to the penthouse apartment took would’ve been heard throughout the building, made worse by the fact it was 5 am. He’d ignored the pounding at first, thinking Helen would answer the door, but when it continued relentlessly, he assumed she had already left to do one of her many daily workouts and dragged himself out of bed.
He tossed on a robe but forwent the slippers in his haste to reach the door. He tied the robe while in motion. “Coming!” he called because, of course, if Helen was gone, Donald would be with her, and he’d be alone. So far, that had suited him, as he’d been able to get a lot of work done without the interruptions.
He looked at the screen and was stunned to see four people crammed into the video image. Two in naval attire (he never did go into the whole who did what rank thing outside of Alex’s rank of Petty Officer) and two ill-fitting suits that made them either detectives or FBI.
The closest in a business suit had his fist raised to pound some more.
“Wait!” Tucker barked, unlocking the door from the inside and opening it just enough to stand in the way. “Can I help you?”
The plain-clothes person that had been beating on his door held up her badge for Tucker to see, along with a piece of paper folded into three, which she pushed into Tucker’s hand on his way past. “Federal agents. We need to conduct a search of your apartment, sir, and you need to step aside. We have a warrant.”
“A warrant for what?” Tucker demanded, opening the letter to skim the contents. In the central portion of the letter was Alexander’s name.
They’re searching for Alex?!
“Are you insane?” he demanded as the rest of them followed the woman’s lead and muscled their way in. “Alex is in a coma! In the hospital! Why …?!” And then his sleep-deprived, mildly alcohol-infused, aching brain kicked in, and he whirled on the people who were sweeping into the living room. “Where is my son?!” he demanded, storming after the four. He caught up with the closest one, who happened to be navy and went to grab her when her partner stepped between them.
“Don’t be touching her, sir. Just stand over there. This won’t take long.”
“Someone had better tell me what the hell is going on! How did you even get a warrant at this ungodly hour?! Based on what? That we’re his parents, and we’re here because he’s in a coma?!”
He watched them head up the hall and try to strongarm the first door, which was locked. “NO!” he shouted, trying without success to push against the man holding him back. “You can’t go in there!”
“That warrant says we can check everything, Mister Portsmith…”
“That room contains access to military secrets that I assure you are NOT on any goddamn warrant, and this says you’re looking for Alexander. That’s fine. I’ll unlock the door, go in first and remove my computer, and you can search to your heart’s content for a comatose patient who isn’t here.”
When the four looked amongst themselves, Tucker straightened and said in his most authoritative voice, “The contents of that room go way above your pay grade, ladies and gentlemen. If you force your way into that room based on the information on this warrant, I assure you, the Pentagon will land on you so hard your families will forget what you look like by the time they see you again.” He stood his ground, knowing he looked as intimidating as a homeless puppy in his robe, but nevertheless, there was a reason he never left that room unlocked.
Finally, the male FBI agent stepped back and gestured at the door. “Unlock it, sir. You may follow me in and collect your computer. I assumed it’s powered down?”
“Of course. My keys are in my bedroom. The master suite, third door on the left in a drawer that can’t possibly contain my son, so you have no reason to open it.” Since the agent was the first to listen to reason, Tucker addressed him. “Let me know when I’m clear to go in there and get them.”
The agent gestured for the sailors to move ahead of them, and when he came back a few minutes later, silently shaking his head, the agent said. “If you’ll come with me, Mister Portsmith.”
Tucker hated being directed like this, but until he could lay his hand on his phone and unleash the avalanche of lawyers that he had at his disposal, he wasn’t sure what was and wasn’t acceptable in this situation. It wasn’t often feds and the military joined forces on things.
He opened the drawer and collected his keys while his other hand holding the warrant palmed his phone off its charging plate. As they went back to the office, he snapped a photo of the insidious document and sent it to his lawyers’ cell phones. Yes, multiple, because it wasn’t just one senior partner that took care of their legal needs but three.
“What did you just do?” the female agent demanded, pulling Tucker’s hands apart.
“I just sent this warrant to my lawyers in New York. You’d better hope you know exactly what you’re doing because…”
His phone immediately exploded with incoming calls, which had him smiling caustically at the woman. Without seeing who had reached him first, he used his thumb to connect the call and put it on speaker.
“Who is executing the warrant?” Julian Santos demanded, his deep baritone voice filling the hallway. The federal agent gave Tucker a disgusted look and gestured at the closed front door.
I don’t think so, junior. “Four, Julian. Two feds and two from the navy. They haven’t specifically identified themselves yet, and they want me to unlock my office door…”
“Don’t you dare! The warrant only demands a search of your present accommodations. It does not include any rooms that fall under the banner of Portsmith Electronics. Those require a very different set of warrants that need to be issued directly from either Washington or the Pentagon, and I doubt you have those at the ready, correct agent?”
“We have the authority to search…” the male agent insisted but was cut off by the three-thousand-dollar an hour attorney.
“Do not unlock that door, Tucker. Even as we speak, I have people in Florida moving to have that search warrant quashed. It’ll be gone in just a few minutes.”
“Until then, this is a valid warrant.” The man turned and quickly gestured for the three with him to fan out, searching the penthouse apartment as fast and thoroughly as they could before the counter-injunction was handled.
Well, well, well. It seemed they were well aware of who they were squaring off with after all.
“Julian, I know Alex isn’t here. He’s been in a coma for over a week, and now they’ve lost him. If I go into my office and remove my computer, is there any harm in letting them search the office for Alex if only to make them go away?”
“Tucker, they’re not going away. The warrant gives them the authority to take you and Helen downtown for questioning.”
“Don’t worry. As I said, we’ll have a full team ready to move before you leave the apartment, which isn’t going to happen until more security is on hand for your laptop. Is Donald there?”
“He’s with Helen on her run.” The fact he had been locked inside the apartment for days and only ventured out when he was with Helen and, therefore, Donald was not something he was about to get into.
“Fine. I’ll get your office to organise a security detail for you and your computer. Stay put, don’t answer anything until we get there, and for Christ’s sake, leave me on speaker.” Tucker heard several tell-tale crackles in the line to indicate others had been patched into the call but had refrained from speaking.
It was a strange thing, but in Tucker’s head, he was picturing a virtual reality computer game where the enemy had him cornered until, one by one, his own team spawned around him to level the playing field … and then overwhelm it.
He didn’t hear Julian’s voice anymore and assumed he’d been muted so that the senior partner could bark out orders at whoever else was on the line with him.
“I guess you’re not an honourable man after all,” the male FBI agent said with a tight expression.
“Tell me why you think I’d break into a military hospital and kidnap my crippled son, and I’ll be the first to unlock that door.”
“Tucker!” Julian immediately came back onto the line.
“Relax, Julian. I have no idea what’s going on here, but they have no intention of telling me why they want Alex so badly.” Stiffening, he looked down at his phone. “Actually, make that a priority. There’s only so much the military can hide from us, especially if Alex was using family funds in any way to finance his situation. Have someone call Elias Stoll. He can track down Alex’s accounts and find out what he was up to that way.”
“NO!” the agents and the naval personnel all shouted at once.
“Tucker?” Julian queried, for the man wasn’t used to taking those types of directives any more than he was.
“If I do it, I’ll have to put you on hold,” he explained. The rest of that sentence went unspoken. If Julian wanted to remain an ear in the room, someone else had to do the legwork for him.
“Do not hang up,” Julian reiterated, and once more, Tucker was muted from the attorneys’ conversation.
And so began the dance of the law.
* * *
((All comments welcome. Good or bad, I'd love to hear your thoughts 🥰🤗))
I made a family tree/diagram of the Mystallian family that can be found here
For more of my work including WPs: Angel466 or an index of previous WPS here.
submitted by Angel466 to redditserials [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 14:27 RobertThePersian JK 3.6 Pentastar with persistent oil filter housing leak.

Long story short: about to be installing my fifth oil filter housing assembly in eight months.
The Jeep: 2016 RHD JK with 100k+ miles, used for mail delivery that I've owned for four years. Using Mobil 1 5W-20 High Mileage Synthetic before the new engine which has had whatever Mopar oil the dealership put in. Also, I do use a torque wrench to tighten the filter to 18 ft. lbs. at every oil change, which I've been doing around every 3,000 miles because of the intense use.
I came home one day in October 2022 and noticed something that caught my eye on the garage floor underneath my Jeep. I looked and there was oil running underneath my Jeep on the backside of the oil pan and along where the inspection plugs are at on the bell housing, and had the transmission pan covered. I looked in the engine bay and I could tell the valve cover gaskets were wet (this will become somewhat relevant later). I checked the dipstick and noticed I was down a half-quart of oil. I got in touch with a local shop that has a good rep within my small community and the mechanic said it wasn't my valve covers, that I had an oil filter housing leak that was just running along the valve cover. I wanted him to do the work because I wasn't super-eager about reassembling the intake and I needed new spark plugs anyways (this will also come back later), so that overlaps well enough. It took him a month to get around to it, I drove my backup a lot in the meantime, and the bill for spark plugs and the oil filter ended up being $660. That's how I got Oil Filter Housing #2.
But the Jeep kept leaking oil.
I took it back to the local mechanic the next chance I got, a couple of weeks later. He said he'd look at it that day, I guess he did, and assured me it was probably old oil that was still stuck along the way. I was skeptical; after probably fifty hours of use, any old oil should have run off or burned off a bit ago. The Jeep keeps on leaking oil, even after I do an oil change. I take it back and the local mechanic pours some dye in and tells me to come back in a day and he will look and see if it's still leaking fresh oil. Local mechanic finds that it is and he reinstalls the oil filter housing, free of charge to me.
We had a wet and icy winter in the central US that kept the garage floor and the bell housing and the transmission pan cleaned off so I didn't notice a lot of oil getting on the floor but I did have to keep the Jeep topped off, losing a quart about every 1500 miles. I'm figuring that's not super unusual for a Pentastar with 100k+ on the clock and I'm busy and don't have time to have the Jeep laid up in the weather that I bought it for. When spring comes around I start to notice the leak again. At this point I'm starting to suspect a rear main seal more than oil filter housing but the inspection holes are still dry.
One weekend in March, I did an oil change on a Sunday afternoon. The next day (Monday, the perfect day of the week for this to happen), I'm heading out to load my Jeep and I notice a gigantic puddle of something underneath my Jeep. It looks to me like the front crankshaft seal just pissed itself. I feel the puddle and the liquid is slick, like oil. It's also barely above 32F outside, and all the liquid I can see is running underneath the crankshaft pulley. Oil stick still looks OK though. I panic drive the Jeep back home and get it in the garage, put a mat under it, get my backup and do my route. I try to get a local shop (the one I went to before or any others within ten miles, which is about as far as I estimate it can go) to see if they can get my Jeep in but they refuse to take it because they are too busy. I call a Jeep dealership a couple of towns over that has a good reputation (as opposed to the one a town over, but owned by the same company, that doesn't) and have it towed there. I tell them about the immediate problem and the oil leak I've been having. The service advisor, who I have to say is one of the better ones I've ever worked with on anything, calls me back and tell me that it wasn't the crank seal, it was the water pump. They also noticed I had some rocker arms going bad. I tell them that I had noticed that too (I had always heard that Jeep dealerships wouldn't look at rockers until a check engine light came on otherwise I'd have taken care of this a year or two ago) and that they would replace those. The oil leak looked to be coming out of the oil filter housing and the valve covers (the same thing I thought six months ago). To skip ahead through a couple of phone calls, the rockers on the left bank of the Pentastar were also bad and a cam over there was damaged. I could have all of that repaired for $5300 or just install a reman engine + the oil filter housing for around $8k, which would include a three year, 100k mile parts & labor warranty. After thinking about what else could continue going wrong, I ended up telling them to put a reman in. I get over to the dealership to pick up my Jeep after it's all said and done and the SA says "Oh, we had to put new spark plugs in, the old ones were junk and weren't really for that vehicle." My opinion of the trusted local mechanic really has gone downhill but I'm thrilled to have all of their bullshit behind me. That's the story of how I got Oil Filter Housing #3.
Things are going fine with the Jeep, not hearing any crazy noises, but it does occur to me to check the oil after about 1,000 miles. I check and it's about a half-quart low. My eyebrows are raised but I think, "well maybe the dealership only put 5.5 quarts in." I top it off with some Mobil 1 I had around, and continue on as normal. After about 2600 miles on the new motor, I decide to check it again and the oil level is barely registering on the dipstick. I look underneath the Jeep and the back of the pan and the bell housing are all covered with oil again (nothing's on the transmission pan, curiously enough). I look up top and I can see oil coming out below where the filter is (which I haven't even touched on this engine). I top off the Jeep (with Mobil 1 again, which I thought about but that didn't make the Jeep oil level low to start with), call the dealership, and they conclude that it is oil filter housing and they replace the oil filter housing and change the oil, all under warranty and it didn't cost me a dime. That's Oil Filter Housing #4.
I got my Jeep back Wednesday of last week. Besides driving it home, I drove my backup vehicle on Thursday and drove the Jeep on the route on Friday & Saturday (yesterday). There's an empty church parking lot I usually stop at and re-sort and reorganize my parcels in. I decided to have a peek underneath just to check things out and sure enough, right on the bottom side of the bell housing once again. I'm going to be calling the dealership back first chance I get this week, so I guess this will be Oil Filter Housing #5.
So that's the full background.
My question is, are there any other causes for this besides just coincidentally bad workmanship spread across multiple mechanics and companies, or have Mopar parts quality just gotten this bad? Is there anything I can bring up to the Jeep SA that might be making these oil filter housing assemblies fail? I'm completely out of ideas here.
submitted by RobertThePersian to Wrangler [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 14:23 RatWazzock Roundabout recently changed - question

Roundabout recently changed - question
Hey all! First Reddit post so hope I get everything right!!
This roundabout recently changed from being 2 lanes to 3 lanes and I've seen so much lane confusion as a result. If you're travelling straight across this roundabout which of these lane diagrams is correct? Which lane do you take to go straight across and emerge in the left hand lane on the second exit?
For more context, for a while there were no arrows indicating lanes at all, but recently an arrow (pictured) has appeared a little way before the left lane splits into two at the entrance of the roundabout. But even though the arrow is now there people are cutting each other up all the time.
I think part of the confusion is the left lane carries on PAST the first exit, making it look like you can take it to go straight across, then seems to merge with the second lane just before exit 2, where the road narrows a bit.
Thanks for your help!
submitted by RatWazzock to drivingUK [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 11:03 delForm_34 Part of interesting service system

From a while I'm training basic skills in Software Engneering area and create small simple project where users will exchange offers without money. Apart of financial system. So I've just created some Use Case Diagram on basic system scenarios and I want to ask You for a help to check. Is it quite good what I've created or I've here a lot of of particular mistakes. From the last couple months I read a book about Software Engeneering and this is a part where I try to create something practical.
PU3. Adding offer of service
  1. System display offer of service form
  2. Contactor fill all require fields (name, description, price, expected execution date)
  3. Contractor fill note field if it is necessary
  4. Contractor mark
  5. User confirm the offer on the system
  6. System register the offer on the database and assign an ID
PU4. Modification of offer introduced service
  1. System display list of registered service registered by performer
  2. Performer activate editing offer option
  3. System display information form concerning particular offer
  4. Performer modify particular offer in proper way
  5. Performer applying modified offer and confirm final modification window generated by the system.

If it will be necessery I'II add functional requirements
submitted by delForm_34 to SoftwareEngineering [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 10:45 hijesushere What would an angel title a post to get your attention? Not something like this, I can tell you that much.

Final note: Yeesh. Uh yeah, lotta mental illness inbound, brace yourself. Keep this one on a tight leash, you know what I mean? Wouldn't want this one around MY kpop girls... he'd try and take em all for himself, and he can't have them, because those kpop girls belong to me, and my meandering duckling armada. Ahc ahc ahc ahc ahc... yes... fool... You've fallen... you've walked RIGHT... into my TRAP... muah ha.. muah ha!.. muah ha ha ha ha! ! ! ! Yes! Why yes, it is I! Space Divisatron! And you, duckling, you, are in my secret lair! Muah ha! Muah ha! Sorry, you gotta understand something. This is the first thing that you're reading, but it's the last thing that I'm doing. I'm checking out. I'm going to beddddd you guys. It's been awesome, I had a great time. I hope you guys enjoy the music if you decide to tag along for any of it, they all some bops. Stay trill lil pastors, whoever whatever homies in this sub reading, it all good it all gravy. The man just glad to get it off his mind, cuz like, if yall don't do anything, then, like, I'm not doing anything else. I'll just make music and like go to school and stuff. I've got no other plan. It's whatever, I've actually got some hilarious plans lined up. I'm talking with some coworkers about making a time travel movie, I think that'd be dope. Anyways sorry, this is a serious post. I'll shut up now. Love you guys. Enjoy the show.
Note: the following is intended for mature audiences only. Viewer discretion is advised. All musical numbers optional, yet totally awesome if you're like, chilling, and like want me to DJ for you for a little bit; its cool, and you'll learn a little bit about me and my homies, but like, you don't have to listen to them all. But at least watch the first couple of red velvet vids when you get to them... it's whatever, none of it matters. It's not gonna matter, nothings gonna happen. But enjoy the music anyways, if you'd like, they're some of my favorites. Enjoy. I'm just gonna go until I stop so if you've got stuff to do, do it, man, it's just music. Luh u.
Think you guys can help me out? I had a problem... I used to have a problem, but it went away. But, I still have a different problem, so the problem now is that the problem from before is still going to be the problem because the problem is that the problem was a problem but now it's a problem because the problem is that the problem is the problem, problem is the problem problem is the problem.. because the problem problem is the problem problem, but there's still the problem problem's problem... you know what I mean? Anyways, here's the link. Boop.
The end. Thank you. Now I'm gonna write a bunch of unrelated stuff because I've got a text box open and I wanna have some fun.
Suspect in sight.
Gather Intel.
I'm trying, where are you?
Call the convoy.
I can't.
Yeah, we're about 19 klicks north north west.
This is alpha Roger's tango tango bravo requesting extel on your six, over.
Roger that tango six we've got alpha squad and bravo 30 at half past bravo inside the inner corpus, should we pull on?
Roger that 5 7, we've gotta tango on 15 by 7 1 6, I'm gonna need a corporal to exchange these fluid mapping fields.
Roger that Commander, this is Extel number 99654. We've got fluid mapping diagrams pouring in towards the encel chamber on the dial. Look forward to the enumeration of the higher divisible sectors.
Roger that 9 0, Lance corporal we've got a 16 nye 9 7 over 16 point Charlie, can I proceed?
Roger that corporal, firing torpedoes in 3, 2,...
Good shot.
Reacquiring Target: locked on.
Exquisite the torquoines.
Aye aye sir.
Avast! Me hearties. On the salt of the phome, keel haul the whole of the lot!! Sand dibbers and quick witted; bought the whole farm, but now they're in their jitters! Oy ayve then bruv. Oi. Oi ain't that ahw she wrote foh ya, lass. Ain't that just the whimsy stone me bruv. Oy, oy hold up, wots this?
What happened?
They hit us with their astral geometry fielding DMT cannon, sir.
Who's still out?
We've lost Hawkins and Diamacles.
We're going to have to reroute through the subfield.
Do it.
🏖..... .......🏜 🏘...... ........🌋
Sir, I...
Quiet, corporal.
When the rest of the men wake up, tell then we had to field the rest of the indraspersal mechanisms without them. Tell them to relax the endrometer into the subdiametric fielding index, and come light this Tordive Quagnation Generator for me as well; I need to relax after the mission.
Yes sir.
And corporal....
....... yes, sir?
Corporal, have I ever told you you've got, just, the cutest little button nose?
Thank you, sir.
I mean it private,
Corporal, sir,
Yes private, I thank my lucky stars that I have me on our team. My gosh kiff, what'd we ever do without me on our side?
I don't know, sir.
Kiff, it's cause for celebration. Pour me a glass of my finest Cherry and prepare me the good scented candles: tonight, Ron Jeremy is coming over to play Buttercream Gang.
What's Buttercream Gang, sir?
If you have to ask.. kiff; my God, have I ever told you how delightfully swollen your ankles are?
Thank you, sir.
I mean it, kiff. You're a sight for sore eyes, a real, honkin hoopah.
Thank you, sir.
And I don't say that lightly.
Sir can we get back to the-
Attention all Men, this is your Captain speaking, I'm gonna need all hands on deck, we've got a Loaded Diaper on Planet Xylon 7; I repeat, this is a loaded diaper situation. We're going to bring it in hot, men, and then we're gonna slide ourselves into every position that we need to be in. I don't fancy myself much of a dancer, but tonight, boys, we're going to be dancing with- Kiff, where is my cutical brush?
Underneath the chair sir.
Cloak it in alabaster and give it to a raven, kiff, what am I, your grandma? Pick up the alabaster spoon, kiff.
Yes, Commander.
And you men! Take these chloroform rags and hide them somewhere that a certain special someone won't ever find them. And the rest of you, I will see in the morning. Bright; early. Team spirit! Aha! Milk does the body good.
Yooooo what a great song, I just listened to it again. I'm gonna do everything as I say it haha, if you wanna do it with me, virtually. That was Kellen Quinn with Pierce the Veil, super cool guys, love them cats. They've both got a ton of great music. Check this one out, this ones pretty. Here.
Ok, man, that was awesome, what a great song, what a fantastic vocalist. So talented. I'm thinking kpop, surprise, right? But which one to start... it's like I'm at a God buffet... let's see, uhhhhh pick one pick one so bad it's so bad alright so bad it is it's fantastic it's a great song here you go hold up a sec lemme get it, alright here you go. 3, 2, 1, boom.
Yooooooo suuuuuch a good song, man, such a good song. Ugh. Man. It just makes me feel so good. Alright, next, I'm thinking Queendom, because, well, watch it with the subtitles on, but like, you're not gonna get what I want you to get, so, just watch it, it's a great song. Here. See you on the other side.
Haha like you saw that, right? Like the whole thing, man. Haha, I know, I'm nuts, but still... like, for me, I'm like, oh, haha, oh yeah.. haha but... haha anyways whatever haha I dunno. Let's watch some more red velvet, I lice them so bad you guys, I lice them... that's like love on steroids. They some queens bruh, they do be, bruh. They do be. Let's check it, let's see, ummm, what about everglow? Let's do everglow. Pirate? I'm feeling it. Alright, here we go.
Ok, dang, like, how do we top Pirate. Hmmm I'm thinking yuhhhhh wellll hmmmm I mean I'm kind of feeling MCR but it's like I'm gonna get half way through it and want to change it, let's see... uhhh.... how about the donny darko theme song. Lemme find it. Nah fuck that shit that's terrifying bro, I forgot how scary that shit was bro. Like it wasn't scary then but now im like what the fucking shit man. Yo fuck that noise. Sorry, oops, ah man, sorry I wasn't supposed to swear, that's my bad you guys. Let me think ughhhh how about yeah, here.
Haha, man, Red Velvet man, haha, oh, gosh, haha that's so awesome, haha, I don't think you're gonna get why I think like what I'm laughing at or whatever, it's dumb I'm not gonna tell you. 🫡 alright let's see what's next, feel my rhythmmmmm dudeeee yesssss ok here. Alright see you in a minute.
So goooood you guys ok let's see one more Ted Bundy I mean Red Velvet, Ted Bundy why'd I write that, that's weird. Alright let's see, hmm, I'm thinking either Russian roulette or peekaboo, let's start with Peekabooh, Joy looks fantastic in this one. Here OH NO WAIT. wait wait wait FIRST yesssss. Ok cya in a minute.
Ah, man, so cool you guys. I'd love to meet them someday, they must be so awesome. I feel like they'd like the real me, you know what I mean? But like, I'm kind of still kind of weird still, I'm still not all the way better yet. I'm doing a lot better though. I'm definitely getting there. My cognitive functions are basically at a normal smart person level right now. There's not enough stimulus... where are the crowds, you know what I mean? I guess I could move to the city but... it doesn't matter anyways. Alright let's see, Peekabooh? Yuhh.
Dang, I wish some of these had lyrics. I'd way rather show you guys the video then the lyrics tho, they're all so fire... man are they fire. Let's see... yoooo red flavor dude... here, haha it's so weird I can like feel you looking at me. But we gotta do lyrics, I want you to hear what they say.
Haha, it's funny, because I didn't even know what the lyrics were. I was just like, huh, yeah let's read this one. It was cute tho. Did we do power up yet? If we did, we're doing it again. BPM. You've simply got to see Irene in this one, bro, oh my gosh. All of them dude it's like, are you joking? Like are you joking? Like have you ever seen anybody more attractive? It's just, it's literally impossible. It's impossible. They're the finest girls in existence. Ok here I go, take it on the other side(😫).
Ok, one more Red Velvet, and then we'll do another by Nature. Tada. And for the record yes I realize that I am fully insane but I'm harmless and, really just, phenomenal at Charafrumbian Thought Plasmating you know what I mean? Let's get it now.
I don't care what anybody says you guys: I'm marrying all of the kpop girls. Noone can stop me. You're gonna have to throw me in the thickest mental institution in the whole nebula, man, because, let's face it; when it comes to things I wouldn't do for kpop girls, there isn't a whole lot. Kpop girls are pretty much the only reason any of us exist, anyways. It's so we can worship kpop girls for all time. It's plain as day you guys. Oh My gosh they look incredible in wildside. They're voices nOOOOOO WHAAAAAT IS HAPPENING OH MY GOOOOO cmon tho, fr. Like, it's like a portal to heaven. Huh, a portal to heaven. Wonder how that'd go.
Alright let's see, what's next, man there's no topping that: absolutely incredible. Oh now you can listen to the songs that I wrote about red velvet; its terrifying. Absolutely gut wrenchingly terrifying. But yo, they some bops, fr. Gotta start with Ireeeeene broooooo. I kind of sound like SpongeBob when I sing. DAHAHAHA. DAHAHAHA. haha.
Yo nexxxxxxxt.... Lisa...
Yoooo Lisa's a bopppp you guysssss it's a bop mannnnn, alright, yeri, or joy? Joy yeri joy yeri yeri joy joy yeri yeri joy yojjoy yohjoyhoymenoymenakrushima yeri started playing it's Yeri. Such a bop. She's so cool. Such a vibe. So cool, they're all so chill seeming. Must be so much fun to make music for your job, that's what I'm gonna do, I gotta make music with someone famous and then I can bounce around, if people wanna chill with me, or whatever. Just if people want to. But anyways, let's do seulgi now. Yuhhhhhh this one was just reading names of songs off the side of the page on a YouTube video. Damn this one is way cooler than I remember, haha yo that's so chill.. alright yo, Joy3. Man, Joy's so awesome. I could write about her.
She stands alone; a tower in the east: fallen rain holds back it's light, towards her fallen brow had the seasons Lent their light, for time itself stood still in her presence. She was the corruption of grace, the essence of darkness. She was the highest light, the most level head. Fallen snow on the mountaintops could've never prepared, how could any.. it is in a time, that she is; for wherever she is, all will follow, and wherever I fear to tread, she will be, because she is the dew, she is the snow, she is the eye which brings light: for all of time has stood still in the darkness of her fallen state. Amen.
Fuck yeah dude that was metal sorry, swearing, oh dang it have I been swearing again you guys, I'm sorry. Alright, Wendy's turnnnn. This one is just, man, me and Wendy go back, you know what I mean? She'll get it...
Alright we got one for Mia too, check it Hereee... yuhhh this one a bop bruh... chill times. Haah fr I f with this one, this ones really fun to dance with.
Alright, back to Nature. Sorry, you can go, here, I'll update the beginning.
Alright let's seeeee.... uhhhhh, hmmm, ok let's do more everglow oh no wait, have you guys heard of Le Sserafim? They're awesome, check this one out this ones dope.
Yoooo, they're so awesome. I freaking love angels you guys. I mean humans are great, but like, angels still get it, you know what I mean? Haha get it, because of their name. You know who's next? You know. Cmon, my x chrome... it's freaking Aespa man. Kwaaangyaaaa, love all my Christian rock bands you guys. Hold on a second, Looney Toons island just called and they wanna know when to expect me. Let me call them back on the rubber duckies i keep under the refrigerator magnets. Let's get it. Next Level.
Such a freaking bop you guys. Anyways I'm feeling savage. https://youtu.be/WPdWvnAAurg tada, haha
Like, ugh, anyways ummm let's see man, I gotta go inside, I'm still sitting in my car, haha. I got a salad and some potato soup at work, yuhhh. Let's see, oh, duh, lmao, Red Velvet bruh, honestly. https://youtu.be/YBnGBb1wg98 like I love all these Christian rock bands you guys, they're my favorites in all of reality. Really should have more fans then they do, to be quite honest. Alright here I go.
Dang that's weird, I swear these normally have like, lyrics or whatever. I know the words but I don't see lyrics, that one's pretty, hopefully they'll show up for you. Alright uhhh umpah umpah bro. https://youtu.be/vHS9E6JFja8
Dang, such a bop. Alright, these dudes are awesome https://youtu.be/KSH-FVVtTf0
Yooooo https://youtu.be/NoYKBAajoyo
Yo check this one if you're still watching https://youtu.be/HvGql8HwOIM
Yo, itzy dude, https://youtu.be/F-QTb-0wRGk, blah blah blah, oh my goodness you guys, holy heck man: have you guys seen freaking itzy you guys? Like come on you guys help me out, we gotta save the world for kpop girls. We can check me in to the mental hospital the minute we finish, I'll probably need a break: but it'll be like a naruto hot springs scene with me and a bunch of kpop Jewish grandmas... if you know wh- I'm talking about kpop girls. Oh yo I gotta listen to this, brb.
Or wait, no, because we're all in agreement now, we're all on the same page: I'm just Tanner. Got it, hearing you loud and clear, fellow human beings. I am a human being, as my body is a human body, therefore, I am, in fact: a human being. Yo sneakers?? UMMM... I'm thinking freaking sneakers you guys. https://youtu.be/Hbb5GPxXF1w
Alright yo this one is cool too. All of itzys newest stuff has just been hitting so hard for me. It's crisp, it's like rain water you know what I mean. Like it just hits. Scope: https://youtu.be/zugAhfd2r0g.
Alright yo we gotta do something, look you guys, just look at poor, innocent red velvet: just look: https://youtu.be/uR8Mrt1IpXg. Is that right, does that look right to you? They're devastated you guys. Think of the Kpop girls, for once, in this desolate life. Isn't anything sacred anymore?
https://youtu.be/J_CFBjAyPWE Red Veeeeeeeeellllllllllveeeeeeeeeeet, they're uh, they're pretty cool, they uh, I like them a normal amount that you should like a foreign rock band. I'm normal, you see, I used to be mentally ill, but I got better. So now I'm fine. But I was, for a while. Glad that's all over with and we can focus on what's important: Red Velvet and Everglow and Aespa and like, all the other famous people. Welcome to the shoooooowwwwwwww please come insiiiiiide LADIES AND GENTLEMEN UHH DO YOU WANT ITT UH DO YOU NEED ITTT UH LET ME HEAR ITT LADIES AND GENTLEMEN... phew, yuhh, this is fun, I feel like I'm hanging with like, whoever you are, you know what I mean? No strangers here fam, we always been friends, we always never been strangers. News tonight with David Cassidy: local Chattanooga resident found dead in apparent kpop girl memorabilia related injury. More details, at 11.
https://youtu.be/iTgcp1oDk2M <<< put a ****** in my ******* skull. End my life. Put me down. Do it. Do it again. Let's - I'm not joking. Do it, it's the only way, you guys. It's the only thing that will ever stop me.
Man you guys, I'm shaking and sobbing uncontrollably after that one. Hmmm, it's kind of late, I'm sort of tired. Maybe just a few more. You're cool for staying this late if you're still chilling, or if you like skipped around or whatever, that's cool too. I'm just hanging out. I just already had the text box open, you know what I mean? This is all just stuff I would talk to any new friends about, if they're actually going to get to know me.
How bout these girls? https://youtu.be/Ut1OzEVUiM4
Well start cooling it down a bit https://youtu.be/AbZH7XWDW_k Man she's awesome. She's a Goddess dude, do you see her here? Artemis lookin type lady. So cool. That easily could've been the last song, but I'll wrap it up with this next one. Completely, like, it's just a random song: any of these could've been the last song. Except not really because it's been a total vibe coaster my broski. I hope you've enjoyed the tide. Scope it: https://youtu.be/0xdB_vo4r2c.
Ok, one more. https://youtu.be/kHLHSlExFis
Ok, I lied https://youtu.be/POe9SOEKotk
https://youtu.be/dISNgvVpWlo ok maybe just a few more
https://youtu.be/bwmSjveL3Lc bleep.
https://youtu.be/Amq-qlqbjYA I know this is a lot, I got off work and, well, I'm sort of working, you know what I mean? If I'm... nevermind.
Alright last one and I'm done talking to you little silly head "pastors" haha, awwww, so sweet. Yall are so cuuuuute oh my goodness. I love it so much. You guys love God that's incredible :) God's soooo chill, you guys are gonna love him. He's awesome, fr. We're all awesome. All of us are super super cool. https://youtu.be/ioNng23DkIM
I'm sorry I just can't hang up the phone yet.. https://youtu.be/9pdj4iJD08s
Yo this almond milk tastes like perfume.
One more I guess https://youtu.be/fE2h3lGlOsk
Itzys so freaking cool, I love their Japanese stuff. https://youtu.be/krzf1hkFAZA. Ughhhh they're so COOL you guys... I'm gonna make music with everybody once I figure something, anything out. All I need is anything. I'm just throwing crap at the wall until something sticks. Like bruh human beings want to argue with me. It's like alright lil fella you know what im saying? Anyways, yo, voltage.
Man, ryujin is so cool. I'm https://youtu.be/XA2YEHn-A8Q by the way. I'm prescribed a couple of things for my "bipolar" that I have to take if I want to see my daughter... it was a mess, it was all blown way out of proportion, but I was acting super whack. I definitely had like a pretty darn whack phase. Thank goodness I'm all better, right you guys? Haha, ignore me bro.
https://youtu.be/srK7Vj5p9Tg .......
https://youtu.be/R1-BTf3_Mys ooooo I forgot about this one... nice.
Man I forgot how freaking fire aoa was, I haven't listened to them in forever. Gotta do at least one more aoa song. https://youtu.be/q6f-LLM1H6U
And last but not least, to wrap things up, just some of like the freaking queens man. Some real ogs. Representing Forest Nation all across the world. https://youtu.be/qsWl1--Niyg
Now, at this point, I think we can all agree, pretty wholeheartedly, that I am indeed, completely https://youtu.be/1nCLBTmjJBY, and everybody here https://youtu.be/D_F9HUTYnl0's me; but you guys, just relax: all I'm trying to do is start a https://youtu.be/Z6FPJOgfCkc with a whole lot of https://youtu.be/jG1cIlM1juw and I just think it's a good idea for us to work together so we can take down https://youtu.be/Dww9UjJ4Dt8 or whatever. But I'm insane, so don't listen to me. Smile and wave boys, smile and wave.
This ones pretty dope. I thought about linking a 3 hour video as a joke but like, meh. https://youtu.be/4DTkTJPtDZI
https://youtu.be/Qpf26PtBXgo man, what a great song. Dang it's late.
https://youtu.be/nVCubhQ454c 🩷 what are you doing is this a pizza party at breakfast why does the room look like that I don't understand the lighting here and why God why ugh but like, you know, literally everything else. I just hate eating i think eating is so gross. You don't have to eat in heaven, I never eat. That's what some moron would say, i bet. Some moron thats not me, you can bet your socks on that, sister.
Yooooooo this ones suuuchh a bop... oh My gosh I can't wait. Auto correct lmao(🤥). Here here, here.
Yo I'm sorry what is going on at these parties, what are these little party favor bike horns that I'm hearing, you're a bunch of like well wait, no wait dang it, am I on the side of maturity or immaturity? Dang it, uh... I guess it is pretty whimsical. I just feel like we'd have a better time in my balloon slash casino.
Dang that song's bad, but bad like guac. Lil Pablo got another something sprucial here for ya, Kings, Queens, whatever everybody else is calling themselves.
https://youtu.be/6pA_Tou-DPI did anybody else black out at :35. Don't even listen to this one honestly. It can go either way.
This one tho, this is a vibe https://youtu.be/NgxJIFNiT08 Man, Lunas voice is crazy. 2:20 I always lose my cool. She's got a solo song that's dope let me see if I can find it, I don't remember what it's called.
Yesssss https://youtu.be/lpwG8f9nt4s such a freaking vibe you guys, absolute astral stardust energy vibes over here my guy. Ariana's like a white Luna, you know what im saying? Check this one out https://youtu.be/iv-8-EgPEY0.
Hawahawahnggg, man, that one slaps so hard. It hits it where it's going, it's like, mm, dang it's just so good. This next one is pretty sick too. Choa, she was one of AOAs main vocalists before they imploded on themselves. Another vibe https://youtu.be/G9zL-A78oRg. And if you have a problem with anything in this one, I can show you a better one if you'd like. It's absolutely the most terrifying thing I think I've ever seen. Dude showed it to me that came over. Not even gonna say, because I don't want you hearing about it from me. If you've seen it maybe you know, I dunno, I'd never seen anything like it. Completely disgusting. So guess that's a point for him.
Ah man, that song's so nice. Some parts of the video are kind of freaky I think... like the floating dolls and stuff... oiji boards or whatever have never bothered me for other people... they creep me out tho dude, bet your ass I'm not trying it lol I don't wanna know dude, keep it on your own screen you know what I mean? Play your own hand, nerd. Like I need some dumb spirit messing with my head. Anyways, what's next. Yo fx is so good you guys. https://youtu.be/4j7Umwfx60Q.
Alright you guys, one more, it's crazy late; I'm sorry about all this, I know this is a super strange post: you can just not do anything about it. It doesn't matter. I'm just chilling anyways. Are you guys chill? https://youtu.be/px2Q47O0_eE
Well you guys, that's a wrap, thanks for coming out, if you did come out, we had a great show, had a great time with you all here. I hope you enjoyed. Goodnight. Or morning. Sweet dreams. Or have a good day. If I had a dog I'd be the best owner. That's actually not true, that's why I don't have a dog. People aren't dogs. You get it. Nite. Luh u bbs. 😘😘 🤙🤙
submitted by hijesushere to askapastor [link] [comments]

2023.06.04 09:57 Ill-Ad5218 Importance of decarboxylation - Cannabinoids in Raw Cannabis vs Decarbed Product - Benefits & Differences Between Cannabinoids Exsisting in Natrual Form vs. Decarboxylized Cannabinoids

Decarboxylation is a very important step in the process of making a cannabis concentrate. In short and blunt lamens terms decarboxylation is heating of cannabis to activate the appropriate cannabinoids. Heat and cold are the Extraction Technicians best friend, when controlled for. THCa is the naturally occurring form of THC exsisting in raw cannabis form where as THC is not present in raw cannabis. THCa is tetrahydracannabinolic acid, THC being the former word less acid, Tetrahydracannabinol.
The most important reason behind decarbing is the activation of the acid groups of compounds into their psychotropic active forms. While there are medicinal and therapeutic benefits to THCa and other Acid forms of cannabinoids, they are not therapeutic via combustion and can only be used to induce immediate medicinal therpaeutic effect in transdermal absorption, edibles, rso, tinctures etc. Though extended lomg term benefits of THCa have been suggested by studies. THCa is not psychotropic however. Very few psychoactive psychotropic benefits can be experienced from raw cannabis flower prior to decarboxylation.
Decaroxylation is one of the most important steps in cannabis concentrate processing, but is a part of cannabis use regarldess of How it is used. Decarboxylation is the addition of heat to raw cannabis or cannabis flower that has been curred. This torches the cannabis flower and upon reaching its flash point around 315° F approximately, the THCa loose a single carbon atom Carboxyl group 👉 (-COOH) while holding onto a hydrogen atom.
The atomic make up of THCa is 4 Oxygen, 30 Hydrodgen, and 22 Carbon atoms. We can see that decarbing causes the loss of 2 Oxygen atoms, 1 hydrogen, and 1 carbon atom. This is known as carbon dioxide, 1 carbon, di-2 oxide 1 hydrogen atom. Removal of said carboxyl group causes an approximately 12% reduction in THCa and converts to active THC.
This process can happen as I mentioned from combustion of plant material reaching the flash point of THC at approximately 320°F. It can also take place in a much more delicate manner whereby the THCa is converted to THC for use in products which will not undergo combustion. These are your edibles, tinctures, Rick Simpson Oil, topicals etc. These require that the THCa be ran through a decarboxylation process via lab techniques. However, the consumed compound in edibles and RSO is THC.
THCa does not bind to the receptors which are the main parts activating the endocannabinoid system, aka ECS. The ECS is a largely not understood homeostatic process involving the peropheral and nervous systems. THCa has a shape and size that prevents it from binding to CB1 or CB2 receptors. THC however has the key to both receptors.
There is not much study that has been conducted on THCa, largely thanks to the little amount of study done on cannabis. Meaning that which has been done has been on the seemingly most pertinent parts of the plant to understand given its possible recreational and inherent medicnal stance in the western World. 
THCa is quite interesting in that studies have shown it to be directly beneficial to the reduction of pain by causing inhibition of COX-1 and Cox-2 enzymes. Both of said enzymes have potential to increase inflimation, pain, & fever. The interesting thing is the usefulness I have heard family and friends speak to, that being the application of topicals. I always wondered how in the world a topical would be beneficial for someone like my aunt, who smoke upwards of an ounce a week and uses pens and dabs. She finds the anti inflammirory and pain relieving properties of topical absorption of THCa extremely beneficial. She suffers a multitude of issues traditionally thought of to be treated by cannabis like gastroporesis, fibromyalgia, and inflimation associated pain.
The medicinal and recreational benefits of THC vs THCa differ darastically. THCa is not psychotropic, or as I often refer to it as psychoactively psychedelic. But has a multitude of medicnal applications through topical transdermal absorption, juicing of cannabis leaves, plant, and flower, rso, and other edibles.
THCa treats neurodegenrative diseases such as alzheimers disease, interesting given that CBD quells seizure activity in certain nerodivergent disorders. THCa is also anit spasmodic, meaning it stops muscele shaking in diseases like Parkinson disease. It also somewhat counterintuitive as an anti proliferative, considering the proliferative nature of sesquiterpenes. Said Anit proliferative attributes making it beneficial in prevention of prostate cancers.
THCa is also anti emetic to treat nausea vomiting etc and induce apetite & aid reduction in nausea. It is also analgesic in nature which means it is a pain killer. Finally like most compounds in cannabis THCa is an antioxidant that protects one from and reverses the damage caused by free radicals.
THC in addition to the plethora of medicinal applications of THCa, we have the medicinal viability of THC. Again none of this is accepted by the FDA and much comes from studies of cannabis from around the world as US peer reviewed research wasn't allowed in the US untill 2022. Atleast NOT RESEARCH without FDA manipulation forcing researchers to use cannabis from the University of Mississippi grown by government contractors to ensure low quality cannabis and sub par quality. This was the product available for study by peer reviewed researchers, ensuring FDAs plausible deniablilty while simultaneously actively controlling ability to produce results other than null. This backing down by the FDA is why we see so many synthetic cannabinoids hitting the market now. We're actually able to study the cannabis actually being used, though the restrictions are still a bit uncalled for.
The benefits of THC actually do differ from THCa. I didn't know this for the longest time. I always thought that THC was simply decarboxylIzed THCa. THC can assist with the treatment of opioid addiction, ya know, the way addicts who've suffered from the disease for years have suggested that the plant helps. For decades individuals on methadone maintainence treatment or another form of medicated assisted Treatment, aka MAT like suboxone, subtuex, or sublicaid which are all partial opioid agonists, save methadone as it is a full agonist. The Marijuana is said to dissuade the desire for reward seeking by allowing a less intense non addictive reward to Be given to the brain via THC.
Studies have actually shown a statistically significant difference in completion of opioid maintainence programs and relapse therein or total relapse correlated to THC use. This use is said to be decreasing desire to activate that 'burnt-in' reward system pathway. Essentially yes it let's the patient get high without axtivating those addictive pathways. This is supported by studies like the one I often discuss regarding injection of Beta Myrcene in Mice. Interestingly a study performed on Beta myrcene outside of cannabis, subcutaneous and intra peritoneal injection of cannabis derived beta myrcene led to analgesia comparable to prescription opiates.
The amazing find imo is that while it produced similar analgesic effects, it took an unknown pathway which caused analgesia but didn't exhibit the addictive properties of opioid Mu receptor activation. The studies insinuate both the application and medicinal viability of myrcene outside and likely within the whole of cannabis. Remember the whole is more than sum of its parts. AS well as the fact that THERE maybe isn't much receptor activation leadiNg to addictive properties, but RATHER, the pathway to the mu receptor causes the addictive properties.
THC has also been shown to have a strong Correlation to increased Metabolic output, which has a multitude of health benefits that most certainly don't abIDE by THE social niceties of todayS society. Cannabis use can produce THC benefit can lessen possibility of diet related obesity. The THC has actually been shown to be correlated with decrease in Body Mass Index as outdated as the BMI is said to be in modern culture. In addition THC has been correlated to A decrease in likliehood of diet associated diabetes.
THC also exhibits the characteristic of encouraging Vasodialation which is how the pressure in the eyes is releived for Glaucoma patients. Vasodiallation is the diallation of blood vessels, aka opening them up. This causes a decrease in blood pressure. However, strains with potent beta myrcene levels can effect the way in which the THC works. When THC is used with Beta caryophyllene in that form, not trans caryophyllene which is the most common form of beta caryophyllene and myrcene together, the THC enhances sedative effects in the potency of the onset brought on by beta caryophyllene sedation enhanced via myrcene.
Myrcene alone causes proliferation of THC across the blood brain n barrier leading to imcreased absorption of THC and increased activation of the CB1 receptors. This increases the psychotropic ability of the cannabis. THC potency can also be controlled with the application of various combinations of terpenes, namely related to beta caryophyllene and beta myrcene.
For example, that intensification of cb1 receptor activity can be quelled using the dietary nature of the dietary cannabinoid Beta Caryophyllene, by ingesting small amounts of black pepper cernals. These are high in Beta caryophyllene and as it is also a dietary cannabinoid meaning it can enter the endocsnnabnoid system througj the stomach and interacts with cannabis compounds active in the ECS. This calms the psychotropic Intensity calming paranoia & anxiety. 
What is interesting and leads to deep sometimes heated discussion is that THC is also anxiolytic. Obviously heated given the intensification of THC via myrcene in a sativa lacking beta or trans caryophyllene. THCa is shown in studies in 2017 to be a more effective anti inflammitory than CBD when treating certain gastrointestinal disorders, specifically Irritable bowel syndrome, chrons disease, and ulcerative colitis.
So what does it mean when you see a small amount of THC in the product but higher levels of THCa? That ofcourse is a traditional confirmation of analysis.
First, it is very possible that the confirmation of analysis testing if using gas Chrometography that the THC may be underestimated, making for a more potent product than labeled....though these differences would be so Minute they likely wouldn't be noted by a person using the product. Maybe someone sensitive to THC. 
Ever notice how there is typically some level of THC usually below 1% while your THCa tests around 79% or 78%. When testing cannabis products, when using Gas Chrometography the amount of THCa that converts to THC is 70%, but the THCa is not measurable using this method due to the temperature decearboxylizing the THCa to its psychotropic form.
Gas Chrometography combusts the material into a gassesous form and runs this gas through filtration which is able to measure the compound levels. I Showed below a picture diagram showing these systems. Because this is the "decarbed" product meaning heat was applied to convert the tetrahydracannabinolic acid. The THC is all that can be measured using this approach, not the THCa and only 70% of THCa is converted in this process. However knowing that 70% of THCa converts to THC we can sus out the levels of both using this approach.
It is impossible to know what that initial amount of THCa was of which 70% gets converted. Cannabis confirmation of analysis testing is very complex and has many seeming double negatives and odd measuremnet standards. One of these as a good example is less than the limit of quantitation. This means that the compound is present but can't be measured in accurate levels.
Liquid chrometography is a secondary method used to produce the confirmation of analysis you find on most states cannabis Product, atleast for the medicinal cannabis products in my state. Liquid chrometography takes advantage of a universal formula used to determine the amount of THCa that gets converted to THC.
The Universal Mathematical formula is as follows.
THC TOTAL= (%THCa) X 0.877 + (%THC)
If we remember looking back, approximately 12% of THCa is lost in the extraction process, during decarboxylation. That approximates at 0.877 which is equivalent to 87.7%. 87.8 + 12 leaves 99.8%. I am not exactly certain about the .2% leftover. I will update when i do learn ablut this fact. When the carboxyl group is removed and hydrogen atom preserved a 12% reduction occurs in THCa and other active cannabinoids, those exsisiting as an acid naturally like CBGa are converted as well.
This is how the ACTUAL levels are measured in order to understand the real potnecy of the product your using. THCa for example require a temperature exposure of 220° F for 30-45 mins before decarbing begins. The key for some decarbing processes is to manipulate atmospheric pressures to lower the boiling points and flash points of cannabinoid temperatures in order to ensure the partial flashing over (that is decarbing) takes place but doesn't degrade the product. Control of atmospheric pressure is necessary so that terpenes are not evaporated as some terpnenes begin to flash over at right around 100°F. A rotovap is one way this is done for which there is a diagram below as well, showing the liquid bath and erlyn myer flask (flask with bulbous bottom). Or in a VTA wipe decarboxylationprocess. .
THCa decarbs at approximately 220° F and CBDa decarbs at approximately 245°F, exposure time being approximately 90 minutes. To keep terpenes from evaporating it is necessary to extend the length of time one runs decarbozylation process in order to lower the temperature. A chart exsists to show heat vs time and the relative output thereof i included below. According to my research the optimal temperature for THCa decarboxylation is between 252° & 293°F.
If you plan to exsist on the Recreational market as a processor of cannabis or as an individual processing your own cannabis, decarboxylation is absolutely necessary to compete with big indisytry and make cannabis product containing desired terpenes.
 While decarbing can be done ignoring the evaporation of terpenes, which is why there is the issue of adding terpenes in some processing it is best to try to keep these terps especially if competing In a state where medicinal multi million dollar industry is operating. 
Advoc8 always
Meduc8 daily
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2023.06.04 09:07 LastWeekInCollapse Last Week in Collapse: May 28-June 3, 2023

Violence continues in Sudan, the cryosphere breaks down, recessions, harvest failures, heat waves, droughts, and floods. Mother Earth has got a terminal case of humans.
Last Week in Collapse: May 28-June 3, 2023
This is Last Week in Collapse, a weekly newsletter bringing together some of the most important, timely, useful, sad, ironic, amazing, or otherwise must-see moments in Collapse. Try not to overdose on this week’s Doom dose.
This is the 75th newsletter. You can find the May 21-27 edition (which I accidentally labeled the 73rd edition) here if you missed it last week. These newsletters are also on Substack if you want them sent to your email inbox every Sunday.
The World Meteorological Congress concluded on Friday, and it released a bunch of reports. The focus this year was on developing early warning systems for wateclimate/weather disasters. Most countries report declining ability to monitor hydrological developments, and almost half of the world’s people lack reliable access to water for at least one month per year, a figure that is expected to grow considerably by 2050.
The WMO also reported on the state of emergency for the cryosphere, those places where ice is formed (and melts). Greenland’s ice has shrunk for 26 consecutive years. Permafrost threatens to release huge quantities of greenhouse gasses over the coming years. Sea levels continue to rise…but you know this already.
Montevideo, Uruguay’s capital, has come up with a plan to extend their almost-exhausted water supply: they’re adding salt to the tap water, against WHO recommendations. This causes people to drink less water—but what are the implications for health, and for small-scale agriculture?
Over 20 million tonnes of what was damaged in China by recent rain, not long before it was scheduled to be harvested. Analysts say this will raise grain prices worldwide. The scale of this blight is larger than recent blights. In the U.S. state of Georgia, 90% of the peach harvest was destroyed by abnormally warm weather; in Vermont, a freak cold snap damaged crops, potentially 30% of apples.
6 years. 800 million trees felled in the Amazon rainforest, all to create space for cattle farms. The loss of rainforest is equivalent roughly to two Corsica islands.
Environmental scientists have discovered a hopeful tool to lower CO2: Greenland’s “rock flour,” which is basically rock dust. A recent study claims that it can be scattered on fields to absorb CO2—and also boost wheat and potato yields. International lawyers are also working on the first global plastics pollution treaty that could be passed later next year.
Yet another study claims that Mother Earth is sick, and that most of our safety thresholds have been crossed. The feedback loops have been activated, the diagnosis is terminal. The Nature study lists the 8 Earth System Boundaries: 1) Climate, 2) Functional Integrity, 3) Natural Ecosystem Area, 4) Surface Water, 5) Groundwater, 6) Nitrogen, 7) Phosphorus, and 8) Subglobal Aerosols. (Not to be confused with the 9 Planetary Boundaries.)
Some insurers in California are cutting homeowner insurance because they can’t make a buck betting against wildfires and desertification. Similar risk is expanding in Texas. Summer is coming. A mysterious wildfire in Scotland is growing out of control, and threatens to become the UK’s largest ever.
Record May rainfall in Bermuda. Part of South Africa also saw record rains in May. Strong rains in southern Spain—but the parched soil can’t absorb much of it. Meanwhile, the Philadelphia area had its driest May in recorded history.
Vicious drought and Afghan dams have raised tensions between iran and Afghanistan, where fighting killed a handful of people two weeks ago. In times of scarcity, no group can have enough water; even less if they’re forced to share. Most of the world’s lakes are drying up.
An official in India ordered the draining of two million liters of water from a reservoir……so he could retrieve his phone, which he dropped in the water while taking a selfie. He was suspended. The phone was recovered—but too damaged to function. The water could have irrigated 6 km² of land.
Wildfires grow in Nova Scotia. Millions going hungry in Madagascar. Record temperatures in Japan. Normalized heat waves across Asia with new records in Central Asia & the Caucasus.
Scientists warn of potential tsunamis caused by underwater landslides in Antarctica. New cold records in Australia. Heat waves in North Africa. Increasing reliance on expensive desalination plants in Barcelona as drought and water supplies worsen.
Türkiye’s President, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, won reelection, and economists believe it portends the further Collapse of the economy. Investment is pulling out, and the lira is expected to continue sinking. “We will be together until the grave,” said Erdoğan at his victory speech.
The UN operation to drain the *FSO Safer* has begun now that technicians have boarded the vessel. 1.1 million barrels of oil aboard the derelict tanker, stranded off the coast of Yemen, will begin being drained next month.
Petrol prices rise in Benin as Nigeria cuts its fuel subsidies; Iran is limiting fuel purchases too. China’s declining birth rate, growing debt, and ongoing international decoupling is threatening its economy. Eurozone inflation continues. Trade-GDP ratios approaching 2008 levels worryingly.
Budapest is facing bankruptcy. Refugees in Tanzania are seeing their rations cut in half as financing falls off. Vicious conditions inside refugee camps in Chad take advantage of Sudanese refugees. Debts grow in Brazil. Complicated problems continue destabilizing the world’s economic equilibrium.
Another Russian missile attack struck Kyiv last week, after allegedly pro-Ukraine Russian volunteer soldiers made an incursion into Russian territory. Wagner Group’s chief continues provoking Russian leadership as infighting appears to grow, following a Ukrainian drone attack on Moscow. Zelensky says Ukraine’s counteroffensive is now ready.
Myanmar’s Civil War has entered its third year, depending on when you claim it began. In the desperation and chaos of prolonged warfare, it is the environment that pays the price. Wood, gold, jade, and other resources are being exploited by government and private actors after the old economic system broke apart.
62% of Americans agree that the COVID pandemic is over (it’s not), an increase of 14% since February 2023. 56% of Americans admit that they never mask up in public anymore. An updated booster is coming in September to address the XBB.1.16 variant. Masks may go away, but (Long) COVID will stay with us.
The WHO’s treaty to manage future pandemics is being watered down, leaving humanity less prepared for the next pandemic. Although China denies the lab leak origin story, a prominent Chinese scientist claims it is possible. COVID is never going away, and neither is Long COVID.
Cholera is spreading in several refugee camps in Kenya; medical attention comes too small and too late to prevent the spread. In Sudan, where over a million people have been displaced by recent violence, old inequities linger. Over 13M children are in desperate need of humanitarian aid (about half of Sudan’s 46M population are below 18). Their situation has never been more critical.
Experts continue warning about the dangers of AI, and push for regulation, while other actors push to use AI for economic benefits. I am uncertain which field AI will disrupt the most: military, low-skill workers, societal psyche, institutional integrity, creative jobs, politics, financial markets…? What will be the second-order effects, tertiary, etc.?
Tanzania has called an end to its Marburg virus outbreak, about 10 weeks after it declared an emergency. The UK is advising at-risk people to get vaccinated for mpox/monkeypox before their vaccine program ends in August; 10 new cases in the UK were recently reported.
PFAS, the so-called “forever chemicals” used across many household objects, are dangerous to your health. You also probably could have guessed that manufacturers knew—and lied about—their safety for decades. A study tracked the use of PFAS (since 1940’s) and the knowledge that they were harmful (since 1990’s). Companies including DuPont settled a case for a little over $1 billion USD for their role in the scheme. The billionaire Sackler family also settled a gigantic case regarding opioids, in which they must pay about $6 billion USD, and forfeit control of the pharmaceutical company they’ve held since 1952. The company (formerly Purdue Pharma) is rebranding (as Knoa). Nobody is going to jail.
A catastrophic train crash in India killed 280+ people. The crash involved 3 trains, and is India’s deadliest in this century.
Riots in Kosovo. Torture in suspected gangster prisons in El Salvador, with 153 prisoners killed since March. Ongoing protests in Israel over the proposed judicial reform.
Lebanon has been without a President for more than 7 months now—and now target dats have been missed to hold important municipal council elections. Town budgets are falling further into chaos, police are going unpaid, garbage is piling up, and would-be foreign investors and money-lenders are losing the scraps of hope they had for Lebanon’s crippled economy. No one is coming to save them.
Cartel violence is rising on the border of Mexico-Guatemala. Organized non-state armed groups conscript local guys, intimidate people into leaving, blockade towns, and shoot each other in the streets. Several thousand people have been displaced—and others disappeared. Far away, Syria is being welcomed back into the Arab fold—on the condition that it cracks down on the intractable drug epidemic of captagon.
One of Libya’s rival PMs was ousted a couple weeks ago, and now the other PM in the east is striking towns in western Libya with drones, allegedly targeting fuel/human smugglers.
Boko Haram jihadists are infighting in northern Nigeria, but the civilians are paying the price. Guerrilla territorial competition may also bring in more people into regional hostilities. In eastern DRC, violence has displaced over 80,000 people so far this year, and their regional hospitals are overcrowded.
Rumors are emerging that M23 will attack Goma, the sprawling epicenter of East Africa’s refugee situation, where human rights abuses are increasingly common and the local ceasefire is breaking down. Islamic radicals also operate in the region, targeting civilians. About 6 million people across the DRC are believed to be internally displaced, and about half a million around Goma (population: unknown, perhaps 750,000 or twice that). There are also reports of planes sighted which belong to the European mercenary company Agemira.
The Sudanese Civil War is spiraling out of control again, as skirmishes broke the incomplete ceasefire. The Central Statistics Bureau was attacked, hampering official data for various purposes. Over 1,000 people have died so far, crossing an unofficial threshold for an armed conflict to officially become a War. About 2M have fled the fighting. Rockets killed 18 and injured many more at a market in Khartoum, sanctions are being imposed by a few nations, and other countries are wading deeper into the War, complicating the situation and preventing clean avenues to another ceasefire.
Select comments/threads from the subreddit last week suggest:
-There is rain in Romania, based on this observation. But there’s also corruption, growing labor strikes, inflation, and political difficulties.
-Greenland’s climate is out of whack—and apparently the people don’t seem to care that much, judging from this rare observation from West Greenland.
-Portland, Oregon is still a cross-section of modern America’s Collapse, if this observation can be trusted. Heat, insecurity, overcrowding, loneliness, and crows… Reddit has also been affected by psychological decay, according to the poster.
-People are abandoning climate hope, if you believe this gilded thread and its many gilded comments. Smoke ‘em if you got ‘em.
Have any feedback, questions, comments, resources, recommendations, free PDFs, manifestos, etc.? Consider joining the Last Week in Collapse SubStack if you don’t want to check collapse every Sunday, you can get this newsletter sent to your email inbox every weekend. I always forget something... What did I miss this week?
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2023.06.04 08:07 Comfortable_Study_11 Perdido Street Station is not a good book

A coworker of mine recommended Perdido Street Station recently, and as the name China Mieville had come up related to other books and authors I've read and I was looking for something new, I thought I'd give it a try.
In this post, I'm going to try to organize my thoughts about why I hate this book and why it is objectively bad. Not in my opinion, not according to my tastes or preferences. Objectively bad. In the same way as the Holocaust was an objective tragedy.
  1. Nonsensical world-building. China Mieville is often credited for building a believable, immersive, vivid or other such positively described world. I didn't believe that Bas Lag was, or could be, a "real" place for a second.
    1. Let's start with the main races. We have humans, bug-headed people, flying bird-headed people, cactus people, and frog people. All of these seem to fall into the Star Trek alien trope, where the body is basically humanoid, and only the head is different. This is not believable. Further, I never really got a sense that their cultures were so different. The bird people only got developed near the end of the book, and that was just enough to explain Yag's crime to the readers. One interaction with a group of city-dwelling bird people seems transposed from a British crime movie where the gang leader is reasserting authority of the group, in exactly the same way as a human would. I don't get any sense that they are a fully developed species with their own cultures and ways of thinking. Lin, a member of the bug-headed people, comes of as a typical female human character, despite coming from a species that seems to have collectivism built in to their society and their genes. The cactus people are never really explained at all. Like, do they use photosynthesis? Do they eat food? What's their culture? I just kept imagining people walking around cosplaying these different races but all being essentially humans.
    2. Word and concept choice. At one point, Mieville has a character use the word "capiche." Mind you, Italy does not exist in this world, nor does the Mafia, nor should an Italian American gangster word like "capiche." Similarly, he never says anything about God, Christianity, Judaism, etc, but he borrows the concept of "Hell" and "Hellkin." If there is a hell, there should be a heaven, right? And if heaven and hell exist, there's a god, right? These are simply thrown out there, and never elaborated on again. For money, he uses real world currency names, such as mark, shekel, and Guinea. These have no place in an imaginary world with no connection to our own.
    Isaac is a scientist, and while I don't think it is important to get science "right" in a work that is fictional and that is specifically NOT science fiction, the scientific concepts explained here don't make sense. It reminded me more of the characters in Frank Herbert's Destination: Void talking about transistors, circuits, blah-blah matrices, and yadda-yadda amplifiers. The blah-blah matrices and yadda-yadda amplifiers don't exist, and spending so much time on them didn't make any sense in a novel with so little action. Neither does the number of pages that Mieville devotes to explaining unified field theory add to my understanding or enjoyment of the novel. Nothing in the novel really hinges on this, and the fact that Torque seems to throw a wrench in this idea of having a unified field at all makes me more annoyed at spending time trying to understand what Isaac is getting on about. The idea of "crisis" and a "crisis engine" in particular seems like a scientifically illiterate person's interpretation of chaos and complexity theory. 3. "History." The way the "history" is presented here feels very much like it needs those scare quotes. Are these places and events actually relevant to the story? How much thought was put into them and their order? The way that so many are mentioned and then just forgotten really makes me wonder how seriously I should take them.
2.Poor word choices and sentence construction.
  1. I've never read a book that made me want to take a shower before. When Mieville describes the city of New Crobuzon, he relies heavily on words with negative emotional valance and bodily fluid language. As a small set of examples, the air is almost always described as having a stench, reeking, being rank, putrid, noisome, being polluted, etc. Water is usually described as being fecal, mucal, fetid, rancid, oily, being polluted, etc. Buildings are moldy, desquamating, dirty. Factories don't emit or release smoke: they "retch" smog. Guns don't fire bullets or shoot bullets: they "vomit" bullets. A sack that is full is described as "bloated." A pile of electrical components is for some reason described as "vile." For 712 fucking pages! I don't have a problem with bodily fluids, and I don't mind when other writers describe a slum or paint a picture of a nasty scene. But in Perdido Street Station, there is no let up. I can't remember a single instance of something that was described in positive terms. Even the first time Isaac has sex with Lin, he is described as almost vomiting because her antennae were waving in such a disgusting fashion. And they went on to have a long term romance! Who almost vomits the first time they have sex with someone they love? Why describe it in this negative way? I don't understand the goal of using language in this way.
  2. Related to the point above, the book is monotonous in how it describes the world. Everything is negative and dirty. For 712 pages.
  3. Characterization is done in the typical spoon-fed fashion that seems to be popular in many genres of fiction nowadays. I'm thinking of one example in particular, so here it is.
"Lin and Isaac snatched furtive nights together when they could. Isaac could tell that all was not well with her. Once, he sat her down and demanded that she tell him what was troubling her, why she had not entered the Shintacost Prize this year (something which had given her usual bitchery about the standard of the shortlist an added bitterness), what she was working on, and where. There was no sign of any artistic debris at all in any of her rooms. Lin had stroked his arm, clearly grateful for his concern. But she would tell him nothing. She said she was working on a piece of which she was tentatively very proud. She had found a space that she could not and did not want to talk about, in which she was producing a large piece that he mustn’t ask her about. It was not as if she had disappeared from the world. Once a fortnight, perhaps, she was back in one of the Salacus Fields bars, laughing with her friends, if with a little less vigour than she had two months ago.
She teased Isaac about his anger at Lucky Gazid, who had vanished, with suspiciously good timing. Isaac had told Lin about his inadvertent sampling of dreamshit, and had raged around looking to punish Gazid. Isaac had described the extraordinary grub which seemed to thrive on the drug. Lin had not seen the creature, had not been back to Brock Marsh since that forlorn day the previous month, but even allowing for a degree of exaggeration on Isaac’s part, the creature sounded extraordinary. Lin thought fondly of Isaac as she adeptly changed the subject. She asked him what nourishment he thought the caterpillar might gain from its peculiar food, and sat back as his face expanded with fascination and he would tell her enthusiastically that he did not know, but that these were a few of his ideas. She would ask him to try to explain to her about crisis energy, and whether he thought it would help Yagharek to fly, and he would talk animatedly, drawing her diagrams on slips of paper.
It was easy to work on him. Lin felt, sometimes, that Isaac knew he was being manipulated, that he felt guilty about the ease with which his worries for her were transformed. She sensed gratitude in his lurching changes of subject, along with contrition. He knew it was his role to be worried for her, given her melancholy, and he was, he truly was, but it was an effort, a duty, when most of his mind was crammed with crisis and grub food. She gave him permission not to worry, and he accepted it with thanks. Lin wanted to displace Isaac’s concerns for her, for a time. She could not afford for him to be curious. The more he knew, the more she was in danger. She did not know what powers her employer might possess: she doubted he was capable of telepathy, but she was risking nothing. She wanted to finish her piece, to take the money and to get away from Bonetown."
Let me remind you, this book is 712 pages long. He takes approximately two pages, from 208-209 in the Kindle edition, to detail all this information about the relationship between Isaac and Lin. This is just bad writing. Some of this could have been handled in short dialogues embedded in other scenes, and some of it should be left to the reader to piece together. This is an example of what Steven Erikson described as pablum in his post a few years ago about effective characterization.
  1. Overly descriptive language.
The great cable slipped in spurts into the water by the riverwall. It plunged absolutely precipitately into the darkness, hitting the surface at 90 degrees."
(Perdido Street Station, p. 603)
Why, the fuck, does he describe the cable going into the water in such a redundant and repetitive way? This is not some pivotal event in the story. It is related to an important plan, but there is no need for the drama around this singular event. If I spent this many words talking about a character picking up a pencil, I had better have a real good reason for doing so. Mieville does this all the time. The above mentioned meetings with the Hellkin are another prime example. He spends pages describing the procedures for meeting them and the actual meeting, they add nothing to the story, AND they make his world seem poorly thought out. What did he gain by describing them? Hell if I know!
  1. Plot Structure and Pacing
  2. Stupid plot events. Mieville goes out of his way to show that the evil soul-eating moths are not damaged very much by regular physical attacks. And then, the first moth is killed by unceremoniously dropping a heavy weight on it, like something out of a Wile E. Coyote skit. Three of the remaining moths are killed using more appropriate means, but... Look, I know there were the infamous Milner experiments on rats where they'd press a button to get something like an orgasm, and once they could do this, they'd basically just press the button until they died. I don't know of any actual living organisms that will, for example, eat food so much that they physically explode, ignoring Monty Python sketches to the contrary. It's funny, but it doesn't seem like a realistic way to take out soul-eating creatures.
Another example is Jack Half-a-Prayer. He is mentioned maybe twice in the book, very obliquely, before suddenly near the climax he shows up and just starts helping the main characters out in the middle of a fire fight. If he had been foreshadowed more, if there were some stronger motivation than just "Oh my main characters are in a pinch! I know! I'll have so-and-so come!" I might have accepted this, but not the way it is done in the book.
  1. Pacing. This book overstays its welcome. Mieville creates too many new ideas and just throws them out without exploring their implications, and moves on to the next, and the next, and the next. (Sinistrals and Dextrals, I'm looking at you! Does anyone even remember this from the book?) Then he spends 10 pages describing the fucking Hellkin, or 20 pages revealing that one of characters was a government spy. Or the passage above where he tries to do a novelized version of a relationship montage to show the development of Lin and Isaac's relationship over time. It is too scattered and too focused on the stupidest things at the same time. Why do we need a multi-page graphically detailed moth orgy? In a 712 page book that already has too many adjectives and adverbs? By the 300 page mark, I was regularly having to psych myself into going on to the next page.
  2. Forgiveness.
One of my favorite fantasy series of all-time, The Malazan Book of the Fallen, takes empathy, compassion, and forgiveness as some of the major themes. I was at first shocked by how often the "evil villain" turned out to be someone with a tortured youth, tragic past, or some other circumstance that explained their behavior. And at the end of many of these tales, that dastardly sinner was taken off to be reformed, or taken under someone's wing to try and make up for the harm they'd caused. Yes, sometimes they were killed or maimed in gruesome fashion, but many had a chance to reform.
In contrast, in Perdido Street Station, it is revealed that Yagharek committed a serious crime among his people, for which he had his wings cut off without anesthesia. Isaac agrees to help him become able to fly anyway, and along the way we see Yagharek risk his life many times to protect this city that disgusts him (as evidenced by the large increase in those bodily fluid words during the Yagharek sections proceeding each part) and to protect his friends. Now, if we could get inside Yagharek's head during these moments, and see that he's thinking "Oh, this had so better be worth it! I really don't give a fuck about these people and I just wanna fly again." That would be one thing. Near the end, it is revealed that Yagharek basically committed the crime of rape (which is framed as second degree choice theft, choice theft being an interesting sounding cultural concept, but which actually makes no sense if you try to work out the implications of how a legal system based on it would work....). Isaac is asked not to build the promised wings for Yagharek, and he ends up abandoning him.
Now, look, I'm not condoning rape. I think it is a horrendous crime. As bad or worse than murder. People do horrible things. Sometimes with intention, sometimes in the heat of the moment. Of course, getting caught in the heat of the moment doesn't excuse the action. One of the problems is that Mieville doesn't reveal much about Yagharek's psychological state afterwards. We don't know, for example, if like Red's character in The Shawshank Redemption, he feels sorry for what he did as a hot-headed, stupid young man, and that every day he regrets what he did. I think a lot hinges on that. If Yagharek is really just looking for a way to void his punishment, Isaac is probably right to refuse him. If Yagharek regrets what he did, and wants to make up for it somehow, and needs something that will make his life worth continuing, Isaac probably should have helped him instead of being a closed-minded judgmental prick.
Given Yagharek's actions throughout the book, Isaac comes off as an asshole, and to the extent that his judgment matches Mieville's, so does Mieville.
  1. "Political" Themes I see a lot of discussion about how Mieville is very political and how he's a communist / socialist, and wants to take down capitalism, etc, etc. I picked up on a lot of that in PSS, but I think Mieville handles these themes very poorly. As a better example of a deconstruction / take-down of capitalism, I'd again recommend The Malazan Book of the Fallen, specifically Midnight Tides and Reaper's Gale, both of which examine the problem in more creative and deeper ways than Mieville does in PSS.
So that's my hot take on Perdido Street Station. You're free to disagree, but I'm tired of hearing so many demonstrably untrue claims made about the quality of Mieville's writing, in particular his descriptions and his world building as seen in PSS. I know that PSS was his second book, and he might have matured a lot as a writer since then (the same coworker who recommended him said his style doesn't change much in later books, but I can't judge them myself). But 712 pages is more than enough in one lifetime for me.
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2023.06.04 08:00 Grope1000 Where to find torq specs?

Where to find torq specs?
Found this diagram on Reddit. Where can I find these but for other parts. I bought the service manual but it’s really hard to locate useful info in it. If anyone knows the torq spec for the metal shielding around the shifter plate you would be my hero :)
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2023.06.04 07:30 amiss8487 Metaphor and myth resources & trauma

I’ve been trying to understand and “research” metaphor. One of my favorite psychoanalyst (Don Carveth) talks about it in this lecture. I started taking notes and finding myself with many resources. Please share your thoughts and others. If you agree, disagree or need to correct anything, please do.
YouTube link to Don Carveth lecture: https://youtu.be/MMfIbTFlhtM
Article: The Analyst's Metaphors: A Deconstructionist Perspective http://www.yorku.ca/dcarveth/metaphor.pdf
Passage from the above paper: In a paper on "Metaphor and the Psychoanalytic Situation," Arlow (1979) states that: "The word metaphor comes from the two Greek words meaning to carry over,' and refers to a set of linguistic processes whereby aspects of one object are carried over or transferred to another object so that the second object is spoken of as if it were the first" (p.367). According to Bruyn (1966): "A metaphor is an implied comparison between things essentially unlike one another. It is so much a part of language we hardly notice it; for example, theleg' of a table, or the `face' of a clock" (p.133).
Carveth mentions The Educated Imagination. http://www.rodriguezalvarez.com/novelas/pdfs/Frye,%20Northrop%20''The%20Educated%20Imagination''-Notas-En-Sp.pdf
Tom Willard’s Study Guide to “The Educated Imagination”: https://macblog.mcmaster.ca/fryeblog/tom-willards-study-guide-to-the-educated-imagination/
Here’s some of my favorite quotes Carveth states from the video:
“This is the way we learn, the way we acquire new knowledge. Through these metaphors and similarities.”
“When the metaphor becomes dead. Relative similarities turn into absolute identity. The sense of the difference is lost. Metaphor becomes totalized. We become captured by this metaphor.”
He brings up Ernst Kris who was an Austrian psychoanalyst and art historian. Wiki: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernst_Kris
He ends the video by saying to listen to the core fantasy. This may take considerable amount of time and empathic listening (Carl Rogers is great to understand this more https://youtu.be/PPDaOHR0s-s) to get to the underlying situation. To become conscious of a story takes time. ☹️
Of course Carl Jung and Joseph Campbell comes to mind. Man and his symbols: https://antilogicalism.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/man-and-his-symbols.pdf
Joseph Cambell: http://monasticorderofknights.org/library/Site%20Articles/Joseph%20Campbell%20-%20The%20Power%20of%20Myth.pdf
I have been reading a book with a group called, Transforming the Living Legacy of Trauma by Janina Fisher. She talks about how the brain shuts down when triggered, vulnerable, and threatened. She discovered that it helped to draw pictures and use diagrams. These images would wake up the thinking brain. It is easier to understand when communicating by diagrams. This also makes me then wonder if diagrams, metaphor, myths/fantasies also have a way of speaking to the prefrontal cortex? It’s a way to “trick” the brain? This is why being so analytical can be harmful for those suffering from CPTSD? Carveth does say in a different lecture that he feels everyone suffers from some form of CPTSD in life. Life is suffering and pain.
I know from my own experience, telling stories has been a challenge. Because I was screamed at as a child. I wasn’t allowed to be creative, original or even safe. My dad was an abusive and angry alcoholic who served in Vietnam. I was scared to state discomfort, as an adult it’s difficult to get in touch with feelings, bodily sensations (from dissociation) and even to talk to people about basic boundaries, needs/wants. So how the hell am I supposed to connect with my own personal myth? 😆 Luckily some of Janina Fishers work had helped me to understand why I’m so “shitty” (or the world sees it as this because maybe I’m not as productive and able to function).
If someone is freezing out of fear, they are in survival mode. This is not fun and it sucks creativity and self awareness out of them.
Would it be wrong to then say that people who suffer PTSD or complex trauma may be unable to understand, connect or share stories and myths? Sometimes I swear I have the intelligence of a 4 year old following certain situations.
Obviously this lack can improve with a trusting and loving relationship, safe environment, tools, awareness, etc. I think the capitalistic world makes it feel like we are not capable of healing.
I also came across a book on how illness is not metaphor. That the healthiest way of being ill is to not use metaphor. The book specifically discusses TB and cancer. I keep trying to read more but keep getting wide tracked…
There is also a Jungian life podcast on metaphor from 2021. One of my favorites. Lisa says, “Metaphor sneaks past the defenses.” Linking that.. https://thisjungianlife.com/episode-178-the-music-of-metaphor-healing-in-therapy-life/
A YouTube video with the guest (from Jungian life podcast) Mark Winnorn - Liber Nobus and the metaphorical psyche. https://youtu.be/lB5mcNHN1ts
Therapeutic Use of Metaphor: Cultural Connectivity: https://jep.ro/images/pdf/cuprins_reviste/78_art_1.pdf
An article with Iain McGilchrist: Interview with metaphor: https://artblot.wordpress.com/2014/05/07/iain-mcgilchrist-interview-and-metapho
Short YouTube lecture with McGilchrist on the topic: https://youtu.be/KHwtiUU26cU
Ok that’s what I have thank you….
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2023.06.04 06:37 imawestie Drucker - a walkthrough of Update 33 - Yeah, spoilers.

I don't regard myself as an expert at this game but I play almost exclusively on Lethal now.
I rarely pull any crew from my Legacy Pool, but I do "lean" on the Legacy Pool to overcome problems (call it spamming or savescumming or cheesing I don't mind) with getting from "launch" to having the Infirmary built - as you will see it is not in my gameplan to do that "super early" and I have typically eliminated 5+ hearts before establishing the Infirmary.
I don't use things like the firework gun thing and generally I avoid calling in the Impaler.
Below is Drucker County. This is at "pre boon mission" - and I will probably restart the map rather than do the Boon mission, as I have already done them all and they are boring.
For reference at the end of the game, I have survived 12 days: less than 2 weeks. That means killing 2 or 3 hearts a day. I'm pretty sure this time around I had no community deaths, although I did exile a couple of people and I think one might have been plague effected after getting a heart to a phase.
Here is my community having just killed the last heart. Nobody has maxxed all 5 stats yet, and only 2 have maxxed anything at all - Vasquez was recruited with Automechanic already maxxed... I have finished the game occupying Wallys Bar and Grill (the cafe type place in Santa Maya, the centre of the map). None of my characters are Sheriffs - so I have not been able to "finish" the Lounge.
For this walkthrough I used Builder and Sheriff boons. I find Trader and Warlord dump a bunch of stuff on you at the start which simply amps the starting difficulty without particularly providing a long-term benefit.
The image below shows what I do before I claim the Vogel House. Note I do make a fair bit of use of...
  1. A known location for a jerry can
  2. Using my whole team as pack mules
  3. Finding cars to load Rucksacks into, BEFORE claiming the base.
The new update has decreased item 3 quite a bit: I have learned through trial and error that waking a heart before claiming the starter house is a Bad Idea (tm).
Pre claiming Vogel
The diagram below shows the circuit I do before I claim Vogel House. But first, Ferals: I have found that with Update 33 I am running into more ferals than previously. My answer to this is in three parts:
  1. Honestly if it happens as soon as you start, go straight in. They seem easier to kill with 3 newbies who are not tired even if all they have is pipes.
  2. At the gun shop give your two partners whatever gun you can find, ideally a shotgun stuns a feral and that can solve a lot of problems when there are 3 of you.
  3. At least one of the characters having a Blunt heavy weapon.
When there are 3 of you these 3 tactics seem to get the job done.
Also, prior to update 33 - the hearts were the hearts. I am now finding I need to be a lot more timid to avoid things like screamers or killing plague zombies waking hearts up during this part of the game.

A: the starting makeshift camp where you can access your Command Centre, and drop off items which fit in a backpack.
1: where the car is at the start of the game. 2: by this point you should have found a petrol can. 3: a campsite where you can usually find something useful. 4: generally you will find one or two ranged weapons and maybe a workshop mod in the gun store in town. After clearing these out you will go to the makeshift camp. From the makeshift camp you return to your car. Note: the earlier you find a car then your journey might not change much but your approach to rucksacks WILL change. You want to have "all cars full" plus two of your 3 beginner characters carrying a ruck. In your car travel to 5. Here you can pick up fuel - both a jerry and a ruck - and materials. You should also be able to find one or two plague locations.
Don't hang around!
Travel to 6. Between 5 and 6 you should be looking for hearts while avoiding doing anything that will wake them up.
If you find a car, drop off the rucks you're carrying.
Go via 7 - if there is a chance, loot one or both the food locations here.
Back to the makeshift camp. Empty all backpacks. Reallocate rucks.
Head off to 8. I like to secure but not loot on the way north to 9.
9 is a checkpoint. More weapons and an ammo ruck. You might prefer to leave the ammo ruck behind because you will return to 8 where you will probably find more rucks than you can carry.
This is when I finally claim Vogul House.
Then the Materials World mission starts. Ideally by now I have found 1x heavy weapon - even a driveshaft club is good enough.
Generalyl there will be about 5 hearts in this south-west portion of the map. You need to be a bit cautious to work out which one/s you can do without waking any of the others. With each of your 3 characters - the goal is, pick up anything that isn't a material ruck from the previous step, while killing 2 hearts per character. Chances are if you are as bad as me you will get at least 50% plagued "by accident" - if this happens, head home. As soon as you can - call in an enclave. You need them for fuel, toolboxes, maybe stim items, maybe a weapon.
Don't hang around and loot if it seems dangerous: go back with the healthy character, and do it without taking risks, to manage fatigue.
By now you can think about...
the rest of the plague hearts on the west,
you probably have 2x heros,
and you should be thinking about claiming the cell-phone tower near Vogul House to manage crowds / prevent accidental waking of plague hearts.
Those hearts on the South of the map are usually close enough to trigger a chain reaction of wakening. What you really don't want is to accidentally trigger the ones clustered in the centre of the map near the hospital up there.
From there I went and did the isolated heart in the medical centre in the middle of nowhere.
I actively used the (new to release 33) Disruptor feature of the cell-tower, as well as, relocating which cell tower I claimed all over the map, to use the (new to release 33) "land mine" feature.
I moved my other outposts periodically as well, for the same reason, and to simplify character change-over while taking out hearts.
All this was done without accessing anyone from the legacy pool, or any military recruits.
I did recruit from enclaves to disband the ones with the sucky benefits.
I did recruit from the mechanics enclave, and wound up with a champion auto-mechanic (plus someone to exile).
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